Capital Improvement Program

About the Capital Improvement Program

To guide the City in making necessary physical improvements, the City Charter requires the Planning Commission to annually recommend a six-year Capital Improvement Program (CIP) to the Board of Estimates. Each year, the Planning Department works with the various City agencies to prepare and present a new six-year program. The first year of the six year program is the budget year and becomes the basis for the capital component of the Ordinance of Estimates, adopted by City Council.

A capital improvement is a long-term investment, typically in physical infrastructure, such as roads, monuments, public buildings, parks, or art. Officially defined by the Board of Estimates, it is "… any physical betterment or improvement and any preliminary studies and surveys relative thereto, including, but not limited to, any property of a permanent nature, and equipment needed in connection with such improvement, when first erected or acquired.”


Over the past ten years, capital projects have represented between about 15 and 30 percent of the total budget for the year. The operating budget represents the remaining 70 to 85 percent of the budget. The operating budget generally generally supports the day-to-day services and activities that keep Baltimore running, including things like agency salaries, funding for youth programs, ongoing maintenance costs at parks and recreation centers, and the like.

Click here to learn about the process through which the City plans its future capital improvements, or go straight to the Reports and Maps page to see the most recent six-year Capital Improvement Program projects.