Food Environment Maps

Healthy FoodThe Department of Planning and the Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future collaborate to examine the Baltimore food environment through research, analysis and mapping in order to inform the work of the City’s Baltimore Food Policy Initiative (BFPI). BFPI is a collaboration between the Department of Planning, Office of Sustainability, Baltimore City Health Department and Baltimore Development Corporation that draws on the expertise of each to use food as a lens to examine and address the systems that perpetuate food environment disparities.

Baltimore City’s Food Environment: 2018 Report

Food Environment Briefs  

The city brief provides a snapshot of the impact of Healthy Food Priority Areas and an analysis of food retail, nutrition assistance, and urban agriculture from a citywide perspective. Another new development in the 2018 Food Environment Report is the creation of comprehensive briefings for each of the fourteen City Council Districts and six State Legislative Districts. This information will help policymakers understand what the food system looks like in their districts as well as citywide, and Resident Food Equity Advisors are available to support the efforts in their districts. The data gathered in the report and briefs along with the input of Resident Food Equity Advisors drive the city’s comprehensive eight-point Healthy Food Environment Strategy

Council District 2018 Food Environment Briefs


Council Member

District 1

Zeke Cohen

District 2

Danielle McCray

District 3

Ryan Dorsey

District 4

Bill Henry

District 5

Isaac “Yitzy” Schleifer

District 6

Sharon Green Middleton

District 7

Leon F. Pinkett, III

District 8

Kristerfer Burnett

District 9

John T. Bullock

District 10

Edward Reisinger

District 11

Eric Costello

District 12

Robert Stokes, Sr.

District 13

Shannon Sneed

District 14

Mary Pat Clarke

All Districts

Print as booklet


State Legislative District 2018 Food Environment Briefs 



House Delegates

District 40

Antonio Hayes

Frank M. Conaway, Jr

Nick Mosby

Melissa Wells

District 41

Jill P. Carter

Dalya Attar

Tony Bridges

Samuel I. Rosenberg

District 43

Mary Washington

Curt Anderson

Regina T. Boyce

Maggie McIntosh

District 44A

Shirley Nathan-Pulliam

Keith E. Haynes

District 45

Cory V. McCray

Talmadge Branch

Cheryl D. Glenn

Stephanie Smith

District 46

Bill Ferguson

Luke Clippinger

Robbyn Lewis

Brooke E. Lierman

All Districts

Print as booklet



Report Highlights

“Healthy Food Priority Areas” instead of “Food Deserts”
Conversations with Resident Food Equity Advisors and the Food Policy Action Coalition as well as community groups, residents and national leaders revealed that the term “food desert” is often met with critique or disapproval. “Food desert” suggests there is no food, when in actuality in urban environments there is an imbalance between healthy and unhealthy food. Additionally, the term puts the whole area in a liability framework and does not acknowledge the amazing grassroots work occurring on the ground to fill the gaps. As a result, the term “Food Deserts” has been changed to “Healthy Food Priority Areas.” While the frame has changed, the definition has not.

Decrease in Number of People living in Healthy Food Priority Areas

The number of people living in Healthy Food Priority Areas has declined from 25% in 2015 to 23.5% in 2018. Since 2015, as a result of the Personal Property Tax Credit legislation that the city passed, at least 5,000 fewer residents live in Priority Areas on account of the opening of a new supermarket in East Baltimore.

Disparities in Food Access
Certain groups of residents are affected at disproportional rates. 31% of Black residents live in Healthy Food Priority Areas, the highest of any racial or ethnic group. By comparison, only 9% of White residents live in Priority Areas. On average, children are the most likely of any age group to live in Priority Areas, at 28% of all of Baltimore’s children. Seniors also live in Healthy Food Priority Areas at disproportionate rates, with 24% of all of Baltimore’s seniors.

Higher HFAI scores in stores that accept SNAP and WIC
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) is a federal nutrition program for pregnant women and children that provides specific healthy foods. Stores that accept WIC have a wider variety of healthy staple foods, and a higher HFAI score. Analysis shows a 41% increase in HFAI score at small grocery and corner stores that accept WIC and SNAP compared to similar stores that do not accept nutrition benefits.